In the last blog post, we spoke about the Uniform Residential Loan Application, or the 1003 Form. In this final post, we will be talking about what happens after the initial submission for the first time home buyer in the FHA Loan Program. This post will be very similar to the USDA post for this same topic, as the process is identical.
After the first time borrower, along with the Loan Officer, submits the application with all of the required documentation to the lender, the underwriter will review all of the documents. Unless there is a statement of denial right then and there, the lender will reply with what is called a Conditional Approval. This approval outlines all additional documents required by the Loan Officer or Loan Processor, First time borrower, Seller’s and Buyer’s Agents, and Title companies associated with the transaction.
Most documents required by the first time borrower at this stage may be any additional pay stubs and bank statements that have since expired. The first time borrower has to remember that pay-stubs expire after thirty days, and Bank Statements after forty five days. Also, if the first time borrower still does not have the needed funds for closing, the underwriter will ask for an updated Bank Statement to show those funds being available. Any funds added to a first time home buyer’s bank account that is not labeled on their statements as payroll will need to be sourced if this is the case.
The title company will be responsible for sending in accurate title documents. These title documents include a Pre Closing Disclosure, Wiring Instruction, tax Certificate, Title Commitment, Errors and Omissions Insurance, Chain of Title and a Closing Protection Letter. The Pre Closing Disclosure outlines all of the costs of a loan is similar to a Master Statement that is received when a loan closes. The Wiring Instructions are just instructions for sending money to the title company to pay for title documents. The Title Commitment includes the lender and first time purchaser, outlines any policies that are covered, like an owner’s policy and lender’s policy, and the coverages and exemptions that are covered under each. Additionally, the chain of title may be on the Title Commitment as well. The chain of title shows the the previous deeds transfers, up to a twenty four month period. The Title Commitment may also, in their title search, find judgments for either the seller and buyer. Sometimes, a title company will not go through with a loan until these judgments are addressed and satisfied. The Closing Protection Letter is a letter that forms an insurance contract between the title company and the lender. This contract will basically compensate the lender for any misconduct carried out by a closing agent, and will not hold the lender accountable for damages.
The seller’s and buyer’s agents will be responsible for any purchase contract extensions as well as any inconsistencies that may arise from the submitted purchase contract. For example, if there are any addendums, the underwriter will need these to be signed and dated by all parties to insure that the transaction is legally bound.
The Loan Processor and first time home buyer will be responsible for procuring homeowner’s insurance for this first home. Buying a home for the first time can cause stress when it comes to searching for homeowner’s insurance, but a good Loan Officer will provide the first time home buyer with a specific number to keep the yearly premium under. The homeowner’s insurance has to be within the required debt-to-income ratio so that it will be affordable.
Hopefully, this series of blog posts has helped a borrower with their first mortgage using the FHA Loan Program. Our aim was to hopefully prepare a first time buyer with their first home, and not be intimidated by the process. Next, we will be discussing the Conventional Loan Type, and outline what the process would be for obtaining a first time home buyer’s first home.